Appraisal is Pro-Investor

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Do stockholders as a group lose something when the appraisal remedy is weakened, perhaps overly so?  And should something be done about it?  Is there social utility in appraisal arbitrageurs testing merger prices, such as by keeping buyers and sellers honest in what may otherwise be a rather unfair market?

These questions are addressed, along

Major proxy firm Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) issues guidance every year for investors laying out ISS’s recommendations for voting on various shareholder issues.  The 2021 US voting guidelines, in line with the 2020 guidelines, recommend voting in favor of appraisal rights.  This is of little surprise as appraisal rights remain critical shareholder rights and

Private vs Public Company - Key Differences Between the Two

While the appraisal landscape, and many of the major appraisal decisions of the past few years, have concerned the appraisal of public companies, it is critical for investors and practitioners to not lose sight of private appraisal.

Appraisal rights can be available to shareholders of privately held corporations, and can be exercised when a

Does increased appraisal risk have an effect on manager behavior?  Recent research (unpublished) suggests it does.

In this paper (earlier version), the author examines target manager disclosure behavior before and after the significant Transkaryotic decision.  Reviewing mergers before and after that merger, the returns, abnormal returns, and associated disclosures by target management, the author concludes

Per JDSupra, the Yukon Court of Appeal overturned a decision applying a discounted cash flow analysis to a Canadian appraisal proceeding, holding that the trial court failed to give proper consideration of merger price. Citing factors that would be familiar to a US practitioner, including the deal process, the existence (or lack thereof) of

The Principal Funds, a provider of a suite of investment products including ETFs and mutual funds, recommends voting for appraisal rights in its proxy guidelines. When it comes to mergers themselves, the Principal Funds take a case-by-case approach, considering a litany of factors, including “(1) prospects of the combined companies; (2) anticipated financial and