Business divorce can arise in any privately owned business, often without warning. These can be divisive, long-lasting and expensive—straining both stakeholders and the business.

The business valuator must carefully scrutinize the characteristics in the interest being valued to determine stakeholder equity. This includes reviewing business information and assessing equity risk in order to produce a

As in other jurisdictions, there are in Mexico a number of corporate agreements or resolutions that may affect, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, a certain group of equity holders. This group is usually defined as the one that has a smaller equity participation when compared with the controlling shareholders. The noncontrolling group

Like most states, Maryland law affords certain protections to minority stockholders, including “objecting stockholder rights” (also known as “appraisal rights” or “dissenter rights” in other jurisdictions) under the Maryland General Corporation Law (“MGCL”) pursuant to §§ 3-201 et seq.  However, unique to Maryland is the ability for a Maryland corporation to eliminate a stockholder’s

** The content of this post is contributed by Goodmans LLP of Toronto, Canada.  We thank Sheldon Freeman of Goodmans for this contribution.

In Canada, as in the U.S., shareholders are becoming increasingly interested in the use of “appraisal arbitrage” strategies in the context of certain M&A transactions.  While the circumstances and motivations for engaging