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Appraisal Rights Litigation Blog

Category Archives: Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

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Breaking Down The Clearwire-Sprint Appraisal Ruling

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Distinct from Fiduciary Duty Claims, Fair Value, Merger Price, Perpetuity Growth Rate, Synergies

As we previously posted, the Chancery Court appraised the fair value of Clearwire Corp. to be $2.13 per share, substantially below the $5 per share merger price paid by Sprint Nextel Corp in July 2013.  This post will provide a more detailed breakdown of the ruling and the bases for Vice Chancellor Laster’s opinion. I. The… Continue Reading

In Transaction Involving “Massive” Synergies, Chancery Court Finds Fair Value at Over 50% below Merger Price

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Merger Price, Synergies

Today the Delaware Chancery Court issued its ruling in the Clearwire case, which included claims for breach of fiduciary duty as well as appraisal arising from its acquisition by Sprint.  We’ll provide a more comprehensive breakdown of the decision in a later post. In the meantime, as reported today by Reuters, Hedge fund stung by… Continue Reading

SWS Group: The Breakdown

Posted in Beta, Comparable Companies, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Equity Risk Premium, Fair Value, Interest on Appraised Value, Merger Price, Perpetuity Growth Rate, Size Premium

Further to our prior post about Delaware’s two new appraisal decisions, SWS Group was a small, struggling bank holding company that merged on January 1, 2015 into one of its own substantial creditors, Hilltop Holdings.  Stockholders of SWS received a mix of cash and Hilltop stock worth $6.92 at closing.  Vice Chancellor Glasscock rejected the… Continue Reading

DFC Global a “Lightning Rod” for the Merger-Price Debate

Posted in Appraisal Arbitrage, Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Merger Price, Supreme Court

The Financial Times published this critical assessment [$$$] of the DFC Global ruling and of the appraisal arbitrage strategy more generally, observing that the pending DFC Global appeal frames the current debate about what role, if any, merger price should play in appraisal cases.

Professors Weigh In On DFC Global Appeal

Posted in Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Merger Price, Supreme Court

We posted earlier this week about DFC Global’s appeal to the Delaware Supreme Court, challenging Chancellor Bouchard’s award to stockholders of a premium over merger price.  Yesterday, a group of law and corporate finance professors from various universities moved the Supreme Court to allow them to file so-called amici curiae briefs as non-party “friends of… Continue Reading

Supreme Court to Review DFC Global Award

Posted in Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Merger Price, Supreme Court

We’ve posted before about the DFC Global decision, in which Chancellor Bouchard awarded a 7% premium over merger price, and then further increased that uplift by 9 cents in a ruling on reconsideration.  That ruling is now on appeal to the Delaware Supreme Court, and the appellant’s brief was submitted last week. As reported in… Continue Reading

Lender Processing Dissenters Receive Merger Price

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Interest on Appraised Value, Merger Price, Synergies

Today Vice Chancellor Laster issued a new appraisal ruling, Merion Capital LP v Lender Processing Services, pegging the appraised fair value to the merger price. The court found no reason to depart from merger price given the apparently reliable sale process and reliable projections.  The court performed its own DCF valuation, which came out 4%… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Again Rejects Merger Price and Awards Premium

Posted in Award Premium, Closely Held Target, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Discounted Net Income Analysis, Equity Risk Premium, Guideline Public Company Valuation, Independent Valuation, Merger Price, Perpetuity Growth Rate, Precedent Transactions

In Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, an appraisal case involving a small closely-held community bank that was sold in a stock-for-stock deal valued at $83 per share, Chancellor Bouchard disregarded merger price, as well as the “wildly divergent valuations” of both sides’ experts.  He arrived at an independent valuation of $91.90 per share based on his… Continue Reading

The Real Problem With Appraisal Arbitrage

Posted in Appraisal Arbitrage, Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Merger Price, Perpetuity Growth Rate, Stock Market Price, Supply-side Discount Rate, WACC

In response to the article on appraisal arbitrage by Gaurav Jetley and Xinyu Ji of the Analysis Group, about which we’ve posted before, Villanova Law Professor Richard A. Booth now argues in  The Real Problem With Appraisal Arbitrage [via Social Science Research Network] that Jetley and Ji’s charge against the Delaware courts for overly indulging… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Court Increases Appraisal Award

Posted in Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Perpetuity Growth Rate, Risk-free Rate, Terminal Value, Valuation Expert

In a new ruling in the DFC Global appraisal case, about which we’ve posted before, Chancellor Bouchard has now reconsidered his prior award of 7% over the merger price and increased his prior award by an extra 9 cents per share, translating to an additional $12 million in value above his prior ruling. Both sides… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Again Awards Appraisal Uplift

Posted in Award Premium, Comparable Companies, Direct Capitalization of Cash Flows, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Interest on Appraised Value, Merger Price, Precedent Transactions

Delaware Chancery has again awarded appraisal petitioners a significant bump above the merger price.  In the ISN Software Corp. Appraisal Litigation, Vice Chancellor Glasscock was facing widely divergent valuation from the opposing experts, and relied exclusively on a discounted cash flow analysis as the most reliable indicator of fair value.  The court’s per-share valuation award… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Again Awards Value Above Merger Price

Posted in Award Premium, Beta, Comparable Companies, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Interest on Appraised Value

On July 8, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued its opinion in In re Appraisal of DFC Global Corp.  A financial buyer, Lone Star Fund VIII, acquired DFC Corporation in June 2014 for $9.50 per share in an all-cash deal.  Using a combination of a discounted cash flow analysis, comparable companies analysis, and the merger… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Looks to Merger Price in BMC Software Ruling

Posted in Appraisal Arbitrage, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Equity Risk Premium, Fair Value, Merger Price, Synergies, Terminal Value

Vice Chancellor Glasscock issued his valuation decision this week in the BMC Software case, which we have previously blogged about concerning its threshold ruling rejecting any share-tracing requirements and thus allowing appraisal arbitrageurs to proceed with a valuation case. As we have previously reported, Merion Capital was seeking a 45% premium to the merger price,… Continue Reading

Without Fanfare, Chancellor Bouchard Hands Down First Appraisal Opinion

Posted in Award Premium, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Distinct from Fiduciary Duty Claims, Fair Value, Operative Reality, Short-Form Merger, Terminal Value

The Delaware Chancery Court’s recent opinion in Owen v. Cannon has garnered little notice or press coverage, but deserves attention not only because the hybrid fiduciary duty-appraisal decision is Chancellor Bouchard’s first foray into the appraisal space, but because it reinforces some basic appraisal tenets and yet also bucks what some have called a recent… Continue Reading

With Unreliable Management Projections and No Market-Based Models, Delaware Chancery Pegs Fair Value to Merger Price

Posted in Appraisal Arbitrage, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Merger Price, Precedent Transactions, Synergies

Delaware’s latest appraisal decision in LongPath Capital v. Ramtron International Corp. adopted the merger price as its appraisal valuation, but stands apart from the other recent appraisal decisions that likewise fell back on transaction consideration. Here, the court’s lengthy opinion repeatedly lamented the lack of any remotely reliable means of valuation other than the merger… Continue Reading

Many Roads Lead to Enterprise Value

Posted in Comparable Companies, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Precedent Transactions

A widely followed corner of the blog is our “Valuation Basics” series, where in earlier posts we have described many of the components of the discounted cash flow analysis, the income-based valuation methodology preferred by Delaware’s Court of Chancery.  (See here, here, and here).  Earlier this month we examined a market-based valuation approach — the… Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Court Looks to Merger Price for Fair Value

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Independent Valuation, Merger Price, Valuation Expert

We posted last month about the Delaware Chancery Court’s ruling in Ancestry.com, in which it upheld the growing practice of appraisal arbitrage. The Chancery Court has now rendered its valuation decision in that case, finding the merger price itself to be the most fair measure of stockholder value on a going concern basis. As Reuters… Continue Reading

Delaware Supreme Court Schedules En Banc Review in Appraisal Rights Case

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Independent Valuation, Interest on Appraised Value, Merger Price, Synergies, Valuation Expert

The Delaware Supreme Court has scheduled the case of Huff Fund Investment Partnership v. CKx Inc. for en banc review in February 2015. The Chancery Court rejected the valuation methods proposed by the parties and deferred to the merger price as the only reliable indicator of value. The Chancery Court likewise rejected the shareholders’ argument… Continue Reading

Why Do Delaware Appraisal Awards Typically Exceed Merger Price?

Posted in Appraisal Arbitrage, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Merger Price, Number of Appraisal Rights Filings

We thought readers would be interested in this recent article by Fried Frank, Why Delaware Appraisal Awards Exceed the Merger Price, providing an analysis of why the Delaware appraisal decisions since 2010 have produced valuation awards that are often significantly higher than the merger consideration.  We do not necessarily endorse the assertions and conclusions in… Continue Reading

Valuation Basics: Equity Risk Premium and Beta

Posted in Beta, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Equity Risk Premium, Fair Value, Valuation Basics, Valuation Expert, WACC

Prior posts in our “Valuation Basics” series have examined the various components of the cost of equity capital under the Capital Asset Pricing Model (“CAPM”). In this post we continue our discussion of those components, focusing on the equity risk premium and its modifying coefficient, the beta. The CAPM has become the Delaware Court of… Continue Reading

Chancery Court Rejects Use of Merger Price in Appraisal Action and Accepts Experts’ Direct Capitalization of Cash Flows Valuation Method; Court Also Accepts Experts’ Use of Buildup Model

Posted in Buildup Model, Direct Capitalization of Cash Flows, Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Independent Valuation, Merger Price, Short-Form Merger, WACC

On May 12, 2014, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued its latest appraisal opinion, Laidler v. Hesco Bastion Environmental, Inc., addressing, among other things, the limitations on the use of merger price in an appraisal proceeding. The petition for appraisal was brought by a former employee of Hesco Bastion USA, Inc. (“Hesco”), which manufactured and… Continue Reading

Valuation Basics: Calculating the Equity Size Premium

Posted in Discounted Cash Flow Analysis, Fair Value, Size Premium, Valuation Basics, Valuation Expert, WACC

In a prior post, we explained how the Capital Asset Pricing Model (“CAPM”) has become one of the frequently employed methods used by the Delaware Court of Chancery to calculate the cost of equity for the discount rate in a DCF analysis. In this post, we focus on one specific component of the CAPM: the… Continue Reading