The Financial Times published this critical assessment [$$$] of the DFC Global ruling and of the appraisal arbitrage strategy more generally, observing that the pending DFC Global appeal frames the current debate about what role, if any, merger price should play in appraisal cases.
In a recent podcast, the Columbia Law School BlueSky Blog features Delaware Vice Chancellor Laster – whose appraisal decisions we have covered repeatedly – discussing the appraisal remedy. While the entire podcast is certainly worth a listen, some important topics include the history of appraisal (~1:30); when markets may depart from fair value (~5:50); how appraisal may act as a reserve price (~9:30); the discovery… Continue Reading
In a piece published by BreakingViews (a Reuters site), “Singing Appraisals” author Reynolds Holding talks about the benefits of the appraisal remedy and how it can be a “useful check on unfair transactions.” We’ve posted previously on the importance of the appraisal remedy.
Professor Guhan Subramanian of the Harvard Business School, who was one of the Dell stockholders’ experts in the Dell appraisal case focused on the M&A deal process, has developed an ostensive “middle ground” between the competing approaches advanced by the respective amicus briefs filed by some two dozen law and economics professors in the DFC… Continue Reading
Further to our posts about the DFC Global appeal, today the Delaware Supreme Court granted the February 3 motion by the Law & Economics Professors arguing against the adoption of a presumption requiring chancellors to defer to merger price in all M&A deals resulting from an apparently robust auction process. The Supreme Court is now… Continue Reading
Further to our recent post about the newest amicus brief offered up to the Delaware Supreme Court — arguing against the adoption of a merger price rule in appraisal cases — the Business Law Prof Blog posted this balanced assessment of the competing amici briefs and highlighted their key takeaways. Quoting in turn to the… Continue Reading
Further to our prior posts on DFC Global’s appeal to the Delaware Supreme Court, a new group of law and economics professors moved the Court on Friday to consider their brief rebutting the amicus brief previously filed in support of DFC Global’s appeal; the prior brief argued for instituting a new rule requiring deference to… Continue Reading
This article by Stout Risius Ross surveys all appraisal rulings since 2010 and identifies certain key metrics in those decisions, including the court’s valuation methodology, whether an auction or go-shop was included in the M&A transaction, and the mean and median premium over merger price resulting from those awards.
We have posted before about the amicus brief that a collection of law professors has asked to put before the Delaware Supreme Court as it hears the DFC Global appeal. On Friday, the Supreme Court granted their request and will consider their submission advocating that the chancery courts should defer to the merger price when… Continue Reading
In a new post by the Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation, Professor Albert Choi (Virginia Law School) and Professor Eric Talley (Columbia Law School) present their new working paper, which asks how best to measure “fair value” in an appraisal proceeding. Applying principles of game theory and auction design, the… Continue Reading
Law360 has provided some Delaware Chancery Cases to Watch in 2017 [$$$], highlighting the DFC Global case, which we’ve blogged about previously. The Law360 commentary, like ours, notes that this will be an opportunity for the Delaware Supreme Court to weigh in on the factors relevant to appraisal and will be a closely watched decision.
We have blogged before about the purported “friend of the court” brief that a group of law professors would like to file with the Delaware Supreme Court, urging the Court to reverse the Chancery Court’s ruling awarding DFC Global stockholders a premium to the merger price. The stockholders have now filed their own brief opposing… Continue Reading
We posted earlier this week about DFC Global’s appeal to the Delaware Supreme Court, challenging Chancellor Bouchard’s award to stockholders of a premium over merger price. Yesterday, a group of law and corporate finance professors from various universities moved the Supreme Court to allow them to file so-called amici curiae briefs as non-party “friends of… Continue Reading
We’ve posted before about the DFC Global decision, in which Chancellor Bouchard awarded a 7% premium over merger price, and then further increased that uplift by 9 cents in a ruling on reconsideration. That ruling is now on appeal to the Delaware Supreme Court, and the appellant’s brief was submitted last week. As reported in… Continue Reading
In Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, an appraisal case involving a small closely-held community bank that was sold in a stock-for-stock deal valued at $83 per share, Chancellor Bouchard disregarded merger price, as well as the “wildly divergent valuations” of both sides’ experts. He arrived at an independent valuation of $91.90 per share based on his… Continue Reading
In response to the article on appraisal arbitrage by Gaurav Jetley and Xinyu Ji of the Analysis Group, about which we’ve posted before, Villanova Law Professor Richard A. Booth now argues in The Real Problem With Appraisal Arbitrage [via Social Science Research Network] that Jetley and Ji’s charge against the Delaware courts for overly indulging… Continue Reading
For an interesting overview of the appraisal process and a concise summary of the merits and risks associated with litigating appraisal rights, we recommend reviewing the article “Opportunistic Investing – the Case for Appraisal Rights” from Neuberger Berman’s Hedge Funds Solutions Group. In describing appraisal as a “niche, legally intensive strategy” with the “potential for… Continue Reading
In a new ruling in the DFC Global appraisal case, about which we’ve posted before, Chancellor Bouchard has now reconsidered his prior award of 7% over the merger price and increased his prior award by an extra 9 cents per share, translating to an additional $12 million in value above his prior ruling. Both sides… Continue Reading
Delaware Chancery has again awarded appraisal petitioners a significant bump above the merger price. In the ISN Software Corp. Appraisal Litigation, Vice Chancellor Glasscock was facing widely divergent valuation from the opposing experts, and relied exclusively on a discounted cash flow analysis as the most reliable indicator of fair value. The court’s per-share valuation award… Continue Reading
On July 8, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued its opinion in In re Appraisal of DFC Global Corp. A financial buyer, Lone Star Fund VIII, acquired DFC Corporation in June 2014 for $9.50 per share in an all-cash deal. Using a combination of a discounted cash flow analysis, comparable companies analysis, and the merger… Continue Reading
In a highly anticipated appraisal decision, Vice Chancellor Laster today valued Dell’s common stock at $17.62 per share, reflecting a 28% premium above the $13.75 merger price that was paid to Dell shareholders on October 29, 2013. The court further ordered that interest shall accrue on this amount at the statutory rate of interest (5%… Continue Reading
We’ve posted before about the article by Professors Charles Korsmo and Minor Myers analyzing the recent surge in appraisal activity. These co-authors have prepared a new draft article to be published in the Delaware Journal of Corporate Law, proposing reforms for appraisal litigation. Based on their latest research the authors stand by their prior conclusion… Continue Reading
Today’s Hedge Fund Law Report ran an article about the appraisal remedy, its positive results and its distinctiveness from traditional stockholder litigation. That article, “Stockholder Appraisal Actions Present an Attractive Litigation-Based Strategy for Hedge Fund Managers,” also discusses the proposed legislative amendments, judicial limitations and potential opportunities that we’ve posted on before.
In this working paper (available via SSRN), “Influencing Control: Jawboning in Risk Arbitrage,” authors Jiang, Li, and Mei consider the use of appraisal strategies, among others, by the so-called “activist” investor. In studying instances of appraisal arbitrage, among other activist strategies, the authors conclude that activist investors can utilize a variety of tools – including… Continue Reading